When SARS struck in 2003, China adopted a method of unconditional’national mobilization’ to share risks among members of society. After the crisis, many people who made sacrifices have gradually been forgotten. The situation of medical personnel fighting on the front line of the anti-epidemic disease is also very worrying.
After arriving at the hospital, a teacher will lead you to wear protective clothing. Layer by layer, piece by piece, a pair of pairs, a pair of pairs… When fully armed, we only felt difficulty breathing and blurred vision. Everyone all walked very hard to enter the ward for a short distance.” Zhao Wenjia, a nurse from the intensive care unit of the Affiliated Hospital of Jilin Beihua University, described her entry in the diary of the WeChat circle of friends. The first day of the intensive care unit of the Sino-French New City Campus of Wuhan Tongji Hospital.
A report recently released by the Chinese government also exposed the difficult situation of Chinese medical staff under the new crown virus. According to the paper entitled “Analysis of the Epidemiological Characteristics of New Coronavirus Pneumonia” published by the Epidemiology Group of the New Coronavirus Pneumonia Emergency Response Mechanism of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention in China, as of February 11, a total of 3,019 medical personnel were infected with the new coronavirus.
According to a news client of China Central Television, the press conference of the China Health and Health Commission stated that the number of medical personnel infected was 1,716. In this regard, Jiao Yahui, deputy director of the Medical and Health Management Bureau of the Health and Health Commission, explained to China News Service that the data on infections of medical personnel released by the CDC came from the direct report system of infectious diseases, and more than 3,000 refer to infected persons with the status of medical personnel. . Some are infected with new coronary pneumonia at hospital jobs, and some are infected with new coronary pneumonia in families and communities. Therefore, it cannot be said that this infected medical staff is on the job or because the protection is not in place, causing infection.
The Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention came to the above conclusion after describing and analyzing the epidemiological characteristics of more than 70,000 cases reported in Mainland China as of February 11, 2020.
Medical staff’s fatality rate is lower than other cases
According to the report, although there are more than 1,700 people diagnosed in the 422 medical institutions that provide diagnosis and treatment services for patients with new coronary pneumonia, most cases are mild patients (85.4%), and the mortality rate is lower than other cases. The main reason is related to age. Medical staff are in-service personnel, generally under 60 years old, and deaths mainly occur in patients over 60 years old.
The report mentions that, as of now, there is no evidence that a “super-transmitter” incident has occurred in any medical institution serving patients with new coronavirus pneumonia. But it also pointed out that some areas of Wuhan and Hubei have experienced serious medical personnel infections. And stressed that so far, the specific causes of medical staff infection and protection failure still need to be investigated in depth.
Deutsche Welle tried to contact a number of medical staff in Wuhan, Beijing and other places, but they all refused to express their opinions on the grounds that the unit requested that they not accept interviews with foreign media.
As of 24:00, February 17, 2020, Beijing time, the new coronavirus has caused 72,528 people to be diagnosed, produced 6,242 suspected cases, and 1,870 people have died. The medical staff who are struggling to fight the virus are described by Chinese netizens as “the most beautiful retrogrades.” However, their situation is actually very worrying.
In the words of Zhao Wenjia, the most immediate challenge faced by front-line medical staff is that they who have completed layers of protective measures seem to have become “a moving big steamer, steaming.” He and his colleagues felt chest tightness and “frightening suffocation” on the new frontline. After taking off layers of protection, it was found that the whole body was soaked. Of course, with protective clothing, they actually belong to medical workers in good condition. After sorting out the distress messages sent by various medical institutions on the Chinese network, you will find that in addition to masks, protective clothing is also a material that is currently in short supply in the field of anti-epidemic. Cheng Jing, a doctor who also went to the Department of Respiratory Medicine of Beihua University Affiliated Hospital in Wuhan, wrote in the diary of Weibo’s circle of friends that she was moved by a small nurse who supported the Hubei Medical Team in Jilin. Because the latter is very thin. She wore protective clothes to work on the first day. The sultry protective clothes made her feel weak after working for an hour, and some of them were unstable, and her chest was tight and nausea. Cheng Jing persuaded her to go to the cleaning area to rest, and the little nurse insisted on not going because the reason was to waste a set of protective clothing when going out to enter the ward.
The controversy caused by a shaved head
The Chinese people’s attention to the medical staff who insist on the frontline of anti-epidemic disease is also reflected in the video of the collective shaving of the female medical staff who assisted the Hubei medical team in some places, which caused a lot of controversy on the Internet. On February 15th, Gansu Daily published a news titled “Haircutting, they go out in full dress”. But two days later, the video distributed with the news triggered a heated discussion on the Internet. It showed that 14 of the 15 nursing staff sent by the Gansu Maternal and Child Health Hospital were treated as bald. During the haircut, some ladies wept. Some voices questioned that letting caregivers bald their heads is a formalism. “Flat heads are enough. Why not make female physiques unsightly bald heads.” Some netizens also asked the question: Are the heads of caregivers the original intention of nursing staff?
Although then there were online social media users who claimed to be insiders publicly stated that the above-mentioned female nursing staff were “voluntary” and made people treat themselves as bald. But this still can not calm the voice of doubt in the community, pointing out that these women are “forced to volunteer”.
Regardless of whether it is a voluntary or a political mission, the National Health Commission of China stated on February 17 that more than 30,000 medical personnel from 29 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in Xinjiang, including the Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps and the military system, have been sent to support Wuhan, Hubei. At the same time, there are 11,000 critically ill medical professionals in Wuhan who are responsible for the treatment of critical illnesses, which is close to 10% of the national critical medical staff resources.
The forgotten “retrovert”
At the same time, the Ministry of Retired Military Affairs of China and the Political Work Department of the Central Military Commission jointly issued a notice requesting all localities to properly do the commendation of martyrs who died due to epidemic prevention and control.
The notice pointed out that in the prevention and control of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic, direct contact with the cases to be diagnosed or diagnosed, medical personnel and medical personnel responsible for diagnosis, treatment, nursing, hospital infection control, case specimen collection, pathogen detection, and the task of transporting patients with new coronary pneumonia Epidemic prevention workers who have died due to infection of New Coronary Pneumonia due to fulfilling their duties of prevention and control, or other sacrificed personnel, who meet the conditions for assessment (approval) of martyrs, shall be assessed (approved) as martyrs.
The martyrs are also good, and the medical staff who have been rated as “infected by the public” are the only ones. The series of photos taken by photographer Zhang Lijie, “The Back of SARS-A Record of SARS Sequelae,” has sounded the alarm for the current frontline medical staff. When the 2003 virus hit all parts of China, front-line medical staff were also described as “the cutest people”, and both the public and officials claimed that they would “never forget them.” Today, after 17 years of SARS, the patients with SARS sequelae under Zhang Lijie’s lens are gradually forgotten. Some of them have lost the ability to work and have been treated for a long time. Some people have lost love or marriage. The worst family, 9 people all have SARS infection, and 4 died within 14 days. These “SARS survivors” suddenly became victims of disability, prejudice, unemployment, and poverty.
Zhang Lijie said in an interview report on the WeChat public account “Mr. Vision Xiao”: “When the unknown virus attacked humans, we adopted an unconditional “national mobilization” method to share the risk among members of the society. When the crisis passed Do those who have performed their duties and made sacrifices at the most critical juncture get spiritual comfort? Do ordinary people infected with innocent people get the understanding and tangible material help of the whole society? After SARS, We are not doing well, but this time, I hope to change.”