According to data from China, COVID-19 is less deadly in children than in adults. Even its symptoms are somewhat different in children than in adults. Children infected with COVID-19 may have fever or cough but when we should admit to hospital them. Let’s know about it.
Last Monday, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released a research report on the subject. The study analyzed data from China. However, the characteristics of Covid-19 in the case of children in the United States have not been described in detail. A few data have been analyzed initially.
From February 12 to April 2, data from 1,49,060 coronavirus patients confirmed in US laboratories was analyzed. Of these, 2,582 are under 18 years of age. There are 1 lakh 46 thousand 17 people above 18 years.
The study found that 73 percent of pediatric patients (under 18) had symptoms of fever, cough and shortness of breath. On the other hand, 93 percent of adult patients (18 to 64 years) had this symptom. 5.6 percent of the infected patients or 146 children need to be admitted to the hospital, which is less than the adults. Three of the pediatric patients included in this study died. Of the 146 children admitted to the hospital, 15 need to be taken to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU).
This study supports previous research showing that children with Covid-19 may not have frequent fevers or coughs. Covid-19 is not serious in most children. Adults are still more likely to be hospitalized with COVID-19. However, social distance and preventive measures are important for all ages. This is because the less seriously ill or the asymptomatic also play an important role in the spread of the disease.
The average age of 2,582 children analyzed was 11 years. Of these, 32 percent are between the ages of 15 and 18. 26 percent of children are 10 to 14 years old. 15 percent of children are under 1 year of age. 11 percent are between the ages of 1 and 4 and 15 percent are between the ages of 5 and 9. Of the 2,582 children, 2,490 have been identified. 56 percent of them are boys. On the other hand, 53 percent of adults over the age of 18 are infected with coronavirus.
An analysis of data from China has yielded similar results. In China, 41.5 percent of coronavirus patients under the age of 18 had a fever, 46.5 percent had a cough, and 1.6 percent were admitted to the ICU. However, a study conducted in the United States found that the incidence of Covid-19 is lower in children under 18 years of age. However, young children are at greater risk at this age. Of the 146 children admitted to the hospital, 59 were children and 5 out of 15 children in the ICU were very young.
The researchers said that the analysis was performed on a small number of people in the United States. Further research is needed to reach the final conclusion.
Tips on children’s problems | Avoid hospital
Everyone stays home because of coronavirus infection. Talk to children, have fun, sing. Keep them busy with various tasks, teach cleanliness. Children have some minor problems all the time. it’s better to wait at home with such problems and illnesses. If home remedies don’t work, consult a telephone or telemedicine. don’t attend the hospital or clinic unless very urgent.
Nasal congestion, runny nose
Soak a piece of cotton in normal temperature water or normal saline and clean the nose a few times daily. If this is not resolved, 1 drop of xylometazaline / rhinex (0.025%) nasal drops will be given to each nose and the nose will open quickly. However, it is better not to use it repeatedly. If water falls through the nose, clean it repeatedly.
Keep eating saline at home. If you have a thin bowel movement, take saline every time you have a bowel movement. For children under 1 year of age, the amount of saline should be 8 to 10 teaspoons each time, and for children over 1 year of age, 10 to 20 teaspoons should be given. Give breast milk and home-made food as before. Don’t give bought food, tin food, stale food, any food by bottle. Keep an eye on whether the baby is urinating properly and how lively it is. If the amount of urine decreases, the child becomes weak and immobile, consult a doctor.
If you vomit repeatedly for any reason, give half or one domperidone suppository (15 mg) to the anus. If vomiting does not stop, urination or agitation decreases, consult a doctor. There is no need to force to feed the baby.
Many small children cry incessantly that scares them. Walk with his head upright on his lap, bring him to the verandah if he is in a closed environment inside the house. Notice if the toilet is empty. Check the ear for pus or infection. If you do not stop crying, take 10 to 15 drops of Simethicone / Flaccol drops and wait. Notice again and again. Contact a doctor if the problem seems serious.
Lack of toilet
Children suffer from stomach aches due to constipation. If you do not defecate for two or three days, insert a glycerin suppository (small size) into the anus and hold it. Feed 1 to 2 teaspoons of water or sherbet after a while. Try to reduce meat and fried foods and give vegetables and fruits.
Body rash, itching
In hot weather, many children have rash and itching on their skin. Wipe the whole body by soaking the towel in mildly hot water. If this does not subside, take half a teaspoon of hydroxyzine/artichoke syrup twice daily. Feed like this for 2 to 3 days.
Mix lemon juice, a little sugar, and a few tea leaves with lukewarm water and feed the baby 1 to 2 teaspoons. It is better to give vitamin C rich foods like orange juice. Don’t attend the hospital or clinic unless very urgent.
At this time children are also having a general fever. In case of fever, wipe the whole body including the head by soaking the towel in warm water. Give syrup paracetamol drops (1 ml for 4 to 6 months or less, 1.5 ml for 9 to 12 months, one and a half teaspoons for 1 to 3-year-olds). Give more water, sherbet, coconut water, saline, etc. In case of convulsions with fever, give half a tablet of diazepam (5 mg) with paracetamol 2 to 3 times daily. If fever is high admitted to hospital.